How To Make Cauls?

This week’s question comes from Geoff. He writes:
I have a question about cauls and how to make them. I have made some small ones (about 24″) out of some 2x pine. They did the job of gluing up a small table top, but… I want to make a real “set” of them but I don’t know what to make them out of. Could I laminate 1/4″ ply (I have a lot of scrap!) over a curved form to create a slight camber or should they be made out of maple or another hardwood? Thanks for the help and keep up the great work!

And here was my response:

Here’s the great thing about cauls Geoff. They can be made out of just about anything. I have a little bucket that I keep behind my bench that is full of little scraps of wood of all shapes and sizes. But they are really just scraps. Nothing made specifically for that purpose. The only time I specifically make cauls is when there is a very special clamping situation. And usually I use them for that task and wind up losing them a few weeks later.

So I use everything from plywood to solid wood scraps of all species. If you are making a really nice set, you probably can’t go wrong with oak or maple. Poplar would be a fine choice too, as would plywood (if done correctly). If you make a cambered caul out of 1/4″ ply, like you mentioned, you’ll need quite a few strips before the sandwich is sufficiently resistant to bending. You want enough resistance so that the crown of the camber provides the appropriate amount of pressure. You might have more luck using solid wood, but the ply is certainly worth a shot.

** For those who don’t know, a cambered caul is simply a caul that has a curve in it. These are most useful when clamping long surfaces where you can’t get clamping pressure in the middle of the joint. The best example I can think of is clamping a bookshelf into a dado in the side of the case. The crown of the cambered caul goes on the center of the joint and the ends get clamped down. This applies the needed pressure all the way across the joint. The trick, is figuring out how much of a curve to put into the caul in the first place.

Related Links:
Previous Question on Curved Cauls
Fine Woodworking Article on Making Curved Cauls

Category: Techniques

Comments

  1. Chip June 10, 2008

    Would an alternative to cambered cauls be to use straight cauls and use weights spaced along the caul to add pressure? It seems to me the pressure would be more even, the caul would be straighter, and I wouldn’t need to guestimate the curve.

    Of course, it only works when gravity points the right way.

    — Chip

  2. Al June 10, 2008

    Rather than make a special curved caul, I think it is easier to take a flat caul of the appropriate length and insert a 1/8 or 1/4 shim at the center. That way when you clamp down on the opposite ends of the caul, it will place additional pressure at the center of the bent beam, and no gravity is involved!

  3. Ken Phillips June 10, 2008

    I have always made cauls out of 2×4’s they work great and are inexpensive.

  4. Matthew Hills June 10, 2008

    some other advice on cauls:

    NewWoodworker’s straight cauls (for keeping boards in alignment during edge glue-ups):
    http://www.newwoodworker.com/cauls.html

    FineWoodWorking on making curved cauls for applying clamp pressure:
    http://www.taunton.com/finewoo.....x?id=26546

  5. E Homen February 20, 2011

    My rule of thumb is the caul should often be made of a species that is a little softer than the project in order to avoid denting the project. I keep an inventory of cauls of different shapes, sizes, and species. Everytime I make a new set of cauls for a custom project they become another useful tool in the shop. I’m still using cauls I made decades ago.

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